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%% BEGIN pst-spectra.tex
%%
%% This extension try to deals with wavelength in optics.
%% Beginning with spectra
%%
%% COPYRIGHT 2005 by Arnaud Schmittbuhl
%%
%% This program can be redistributed and/or modified under the terms
%% of the LaTeX Project Public License Distributed from CTAN
%% archives in directory macros/latex/base/lppl.txt.
%%
\csname PSTwlLoaded\endcsname
\let\PSTwlLoaded\endinput
%
\def\pstwlfileversion{0.91}
\def\pstwlfiledate{2005/12/26}
\message{`pst-spectra'  v\pstwlfileversion, \pstwlfiledate\space (AS)}
%
% Requires pstricks, multido, pst-xkey
\ifx\PSTricksLoaded\endinput\else\input pstricks.tex\fi
\ifx\PSTXKeyLoaded\endinput\else\input pst-xkey \fi
\ifx\MultidoLoaded\endinput\else\input multido.tex\fi
%
%
\edef\TheAtCode{\the\catcode`\@}
\catcode`\@=11\relax
%
%%% Stolen code from LaTeX file: latex.ltx (coming from ltcntrl.dtx)
\def\@nnil{\@nil}
\def\@empty{}
\def\@fornoop#1\@@#2#3{}
\long\def\@for#1:=#2\do#3{%
  \expandafter\def\expandafter\@fortmp\expandafter{#2}%
  \ifx\@fortmp\@empty \else
    \expandafter\@forloop#2,\@nil,\@nil\@@#1{#3}\fi}
\long\def\@forloop#1,#2,#3\@@#4#5{\def#4{#1}\ifx #4\@nnil \else
      #5\def#4{#2}\ifx #4\@nnil \else#5\@iforloop #3\@@#4{#5}\fi\fi}
\long\def\@iforloop#1,#2\@@#3#4{\def#3{#1}\ifx #3\@nnil
      \expandafter\@fornoop \else
      #4\relax\expandafter\@iforloop\fi#2\@@#3{#4}}
%
%
%% Prologue for postscript
\pstheader{pst-spectra.pro}
%
\SpecialCoor
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%% display a continuum spectrum or lines?
%% default is spectrum
\newif\ifpst@psspectrum@spectrum \pst@psspectrum@spectrumtrue
\newif\ifpst@psspectrum@lines    \pst@psspectrum@linesfalse
\newif\ifpst@psspectrum@element  \pst@psspectrum@elementfalse
\newif\ifpst@psspectrum@emission
\newif\ifpst@psspectrum@axe
\pst@addfams{pst-wl}
\define@key[psset]{pst-wl}{begin}{\pst@checknum{#1}\psk@psspectrum@begin}
\define@key[psset]{pst-wl}{end}{\pst@checknum{#1}\psk@psspectrum@end}
\define@key[psset]{pst-wl}{axe}[true]{\@nameuse{pst@psspectrum@axe#1}}
\define@key[psset]{pst-wl}{wlangle}{\pst@checknum{#1}\psk@psspectrum@wlangle}
\define@key[psset]{pst-wl}{axecolor}{\edef\psk@psspectrum@axecolor{#1}}
%% wlcmd must be \def, not \edef
\define@key[psset]{pst-wl}{wlcmd}{\def\psk@psspectrum@wlcmd{#1}}
\define@key[psset]{pst-wl}{axewidth}{\pst@getlength{#1}\psk@psspectrum@axewidth}
\define@key[psset]{pst-wl}{Dl}{\pst@checknum{#1}\psk@psspectrum@Dl}
\define@key[psset]{pst-wl}{brightness}{\pst@checknum{#1}\psk@psspectrum@brightness}
\define@key[psset]{pst-wl}{gamma}{\pst@checknum{#1}\psk@psspectrum@gamma}
\define@key[psset]{pst-wl}{Imin}{\pst@checknum{#1}\psk@psspectrum@UserImin}
\define@key[psset]{pst-wl}{element}{\pst@psspectrum@elementtrue\edef\psk@psspectrum@element{#1}}
\define@key[psset]{pst-wl}{lines}{\pst@psspectrum@linestrue\edef\psk@psspectrum@lines{#1}}
\define@key[psset]{pst-wl}{emission}[true]{\@nameuse{pst@psspectrum@emission#1}}
\def\@temp@wl@ii{true}%
\define@key[psset]{pst-wl}{absorption}[true]%
 {\def\@temp@wl@i{#1}%
   \ifx\@temp@wl@i\@temp@wl@ii\@nameuse{pst@psspectrum@emissionfalse}%
   \else\@nameuse{pst@psspectrum@emissiontrue}%
   \fi}
\define@key[psset]{pst-wl}{lwidth}{\pst@getlength{#1}\psk@psspectrum@lwidth}
\define@key[psset]{pst-wl}{numlines}{\pst@getint{#1}\psk@psspectrum@numlines}
%\define@key[psset]{pst-wl}{showlines}{\edef\psk@psspectrum@showlines{#1}}
%\define@key[psset]{pst-wl}{redshift}{\pst@checknum{#1}\psk@psspectrum@redshift}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%% default values
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\psset{begin=380, end=780, numlines=250, brightness=1, gamma=0.8, lwidth=0.02
 ,emission=true
 ,axe=false, Dl=20, wlangle=0, axecolor=black, axewidth=0.05
 ,wlcmd={\small\sffamily\bfseries}
 ,Imin=0}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%

%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%%% code
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% Scan the name of the element to know if it is a neutral element or a cation
% and to get the number of charge
% output : \element@name and \element@charge
\def\analyse@elt#1{%
  \def\analyse@elt@arg{#1}%
  \ifx\analyse@elt@arg\empty%
  \else\analyse@elt@b#1\empty\empty\empty\analyse@elt@e%
  \fi}
\def\analyse@elt@b#1#2#3#4\analyse@elt@e{%
 \gdef\element@name{}%
 \gdef\element@charge{}%
 \ifx#4\empty%
  \ifx#3\empty%
   \ifx#2\empty%
     % One letter element
     \gdef\element@name{#1}%
     \gdef\element@charge{-2}%
   \else%
    \ifx0#2%
      % Neutral one letter element
      \gdef\element@name{#1}%
      \gdef\element@charge{0}%
    \else\ifx+#2%
           % One letter single ionized element
           \gdef\element@name{#1}%
           \gdef\element@charge{1}%
         \else \ifcat#2z%
                 % Two letters element
                 \gdef\element@name{#1#2}%
                 \gdef\element@charge{-2}%
               \else % Problem
                 \@pstrickserr{Bad element or cation name: #1#2}\@ehpa
               \fi%
         \fi%
    \fi%
   \fi%
  \else%
   \ifx0#3%
     % Neutral two letters element
     \gdef\element@name{#1#2}%
     \gdef\element@charge{0}%
   \else\ifx+#3\ifcat#2z%
                  % Two letter single ionized element
                  \gdef\element@name{#1#2}%
                  \gdef\element@charge{1}%
                \else%
                  % One letter multiple ionized element
                  \gdef\element@name{#1}%
                  \gdef\element@charge{#2}%
                \fi%
        \else% Problem
          \@pstrickserr{Bad element or cation name: #1#2#3}\@ehpa
        \fi%
   \fi%
  \fi%
 \else%
 \ifx+#4
%\ifcat1#3% <-- does not always work as expected
           % Multiple ionized two letters element
           \gdef\element@name{#1#2}%
           \gdef\element@charge{#3}%
%          \else% Problem
%          \fi%
  \else% Problem
    \@pstrickserr{Bad element or cation name: #1#2#3#4}\@ehpa
  \fi%
 \fi%
\ignorespaces}

\newdimen\DeltaX
\newdimen\DeltaL
\def\pst@wl@getint#1.#2\endpst@wl@getint{\def\psk@wl@int{#1}}

%% \psspectrum
\def\psspectrum{\def\pst@par{}\pst@object{psspectrum}}
\def\psspectrum@i{%
  \@ifnextchar({\psspectrum@ii}{\psspectrum@iii(0,0)(12,1.5)}}
\def\psspectrum@ii(#1){%
  \@ifnextchar({\psspectrum@iii(#1)}{\psspectrum@iii(0,0)(#1)}}
\def\psspectrum@iii(#1,#2)(#3,#4){{%
  \begin@SpecialObj
    \use@par%           Really needed ?
    \pssetxlength\pst@dima{#1}
    \pssetylength\pst@dimb{#2}
    \pssetxlength\pst@dimc{#3}
    \pssetylength\pst@dimd{#4}
    \pst@getcoor{#1,#2}\pst@tempa%            coordinate in pst@tempa
    \pst@@getcoor{#3,#4}%                      coordinate in pst@coor
    %% emission spectrum
    \ifpst@psspectrum@emission%                      emission is true
    %% ...with lines
      \ifpst@psspectrum@lines%                     drawing user lines
        \pst@psspectrum@spectrumfalse\pst@psspectrum@linesfalse
        \@for\lines@loop:=\psk@psspectrum@lines\do{%
         \addto@pscode{[[\lines@loop\space 0 -2]] 1
                        \psk@psspectrum@UserImin -2
                         \psk@psspectrum@lwidth
                          \pst@tempa \pst@coor
                           \psk@psspectrum@gamma \psk@psspectrum@brightness
                            \psk@psspectrum@end \psk@psspectrum@begin
                             tx@PstWLDict begin tx@rays end}%
        }%
      \fi
    %% ...with element
      \ifpst@psspectrum@element%            drawing lines of elements
        \pst@psspectrum@spectrumfalse\pst@psspectrum@elementfalse
         \@for\element@loop:=\psk@psspectrum@element\do{%
          \expandafter\analyse@elt\expandafter{\element@loop}
            \addto@pscode{tx@PstWLDict begin wl@elt@\element@name\space end
                           \psk@psspectrum@UserImin \element@charge\space
                            \psk@psspectrum@lwidth
                             \pst@tempa \pst@coor
                              \psk@psspectrum@gamma \psk@psspectrum@brightness
                               \psk@psspectrum@end \psk@psspectrum@begin
                                tx@PstWLDict begin tx@rays end}%
         }%
      \fi
      \ifpst@psspectrum@spectrum% drawing a spectrum
        \addto@pscode{\pst@tempa \pst@coor \psk@psspectrum@gamma
                       \psk@psspectrum@brightness \psk@psspectrum@numlines
                         \psk@psspectrum@end \psk@psspectrum@begin
                          tx@PstWLDict begin tx@psspectrum end}%
      \fi
    %% absorption spectrum
    \else% emission is false, then draw a spectrum and set brightness to 0
      \addto@pscode{\pst@tempa \pst@coor \psk@psspectrum@gamma
                     \psk@psspectrum@brightness \psk@psspectrum@numlines
                      \psk@psspectrum@end \psk@psspectrum@begin
                       tx@PstWLDict begin tx@psspectrum end}%
      \pst@checknum{0}\psk@psspectrum@brightness%
      \ifpst@psspectrum@lines% absorption lines
        \pst@psspectrum@linesfalse
        \@for\lines@loop:=\psk@psspectrum@lines\do{%
          \addto@pscode{[[\lines@loop\space 0 -2]] 1
                         \psk@psspectrum@UserImin -2
                          \psk@psspectrum@lwidth
                           \pst@tempa \pst@coor
                            \psk@psspectrum@gamma \psk@psspectrum@brightness
                             \psk@psspectrum@end \psk@psspectrum@begin
                              tx@PstWLDict begin tx@rays end}%
         }%
      \fi
      \ifpst@psspectrum@element% absorption element
        \pst@psspectrum@elementfalse
         \@for\element@loop:=\psk@psspectrum@element\do{%
          \expandafter\analyse@elt\expandafter{\element@loop}
            \addto@pscode{tx@PstWLDict begin wl@elt@\element@name\space end
                           \psk@psspectrum@UserImin \element@charge\space
                            \psk@psspectrum@lwidth
                             \pst@tempa \pst@coor
                              \psk@psspectrum@gamma \psk@psspectrum@brightness
                               \psk@psspectrum@end \psk@psspectrum@begin
                                tx@PstWLDict begin tx@rays end}%
         }%
      \fi
    \fi
    \ifpst@psspectrum@axe
      %% Calcul the number of ticks
      %% (LambdaEnd - LambdaBegin) / DL
      \pst@dimg=\z@
      \advance\pst@dimg by  \psk@psspectrum@end\p@
      \advance\pst@dimg by -\psk@psspectrum@begin\p@
      \ifnum\pst@dimg>0
        \advance\pst@dimg by \psk@psspectrum@Dl\p@
      \else
        \advance\pst@dimg by -\psk@psspectrum@Dl\p@
      \fi
      \pst@divide{\pst@dimg}{\psk@psspectrum@Dl\p@}\real@numofticks
      %% integer number of ticks is stored in \psk@wl@int
      \expandafter\pst@wl@getint\real@numofticks\endpst@wl@getint
      %% Calcul the difference between the wavelengths
      \DeltaL=\z@
      \advance\DeltaL by  \psk@psspectrum@end\p@
      \advance\DeltaL by -\psk@psspectrum@begin\p@
      %% Calcul the difference between the x-coordinate
      \DeltaX=\z@
      \advance\DeltaX by  \pst@dimc% in pt
      \advance\DeltaX by -\pst@dima% in pt
      %% Calcul dx
      \pst@divide{\DeltaX}{\the\psxunit}\pst@tempa
      \pst@divide{\DeltaL}{\pst@tempa\p@}\pst@tempb
      \pst@divide{\psk@psspectrum@Dl\p@}{\pst@tempb\p@}\dx%
      \ifdim\pst@dimd>\pst@dimb
        \def\pst@wl@angle{-90}%
        \def\pst@wl@signe{-1\space}%
      \else
        \def\pst@wl@angle{90}%
        \def\pst@wl@signe{1\space}%
      \fi
      \pst@divide{\psk@psspectrum@axewidth\p@}{28.4526\p@}\pst@tempa
      \psline[linewidth=\pst@tempa,linecolor=\psk@psspectrum@axecolor,arrows=c-c]
             (\pst@dima,\pst@dimb)(\pst@dimc,\pst@dimb)
      \edef\pst@tempb{\pst@number\pst@dima}%
      \pst@divide{\pst@tempb\p@}{\the\psxunit}\pst@tempa
      \multido{\nL=\psk@psspectrum@begin+\psk@psspectrum@Dl,\rx=\pst@tempa+\dx}
        {\psk@wl@int}%
        {\psline[linecolor=\psk@psspectrum@axecolor]
                (!\rx\space                                    % rx in cm
                 \pst@number\pst@dimb \pst@number\psyunit div) % in pt !
                (!\rx\space
                 \pst@number\pst@dimb \pst@number\psyunit div
                 0.2 \pst@wl@signe mul add)
         \uput{0.3}[\pst@wl@angle]
              (!\rx\space
               \pst@number\pst@dimb \pst@number\psyunit div
               0.1 \pst@wl@signe mul add)
              {\rput{\psk@psspectrum@wlangle}{\psk@psspectrum@wlcmd\nL}}}%
    \fi
    \pst@psspectrum@spectrumtrue
  \end@SpecialObj
}}%

\catcode`\@=\PstAtCode\relax
\endinput
%% END pst-spectra.tex
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%